The kinds of cotton

- Jun 28, 2017 -

COTTON POPLIN

The name derives from the French popelaine, a fabric normally made with silk, that used in the 1400s. Until about the 20th century, different types of poplin were often used to make dresses suitable for winter wear. It was also a popular upholstery fabric. Poplin in its early days was made by using a silk warp weave and a worsted yarn weft. The result is a sturdy fabric that has noticeable ridges. Today, poplin is popular in shirts and pants and is often a combination of softer and heavier grades of cotton. Because of its manufacturing process, it tends not to wrinkle easily, and is somewhat water and stain resistant. 
Poplin pants are usually made in the cotton khaki style. Prices can vary, and again, the difference may reflect the quality of materials used.


COTTON TWILL

Twill tends to be a light fabric, yet tweed, especially when woven with wool, can produce a nice fabric for cool, but not cold temperatures. One example of this type of twill is the Harris Tweed, invented and still used in Scotland. One of the most inventive uses of the Harris Tweed in recent years is the Harris Tweed tennis shoe, made for Nike. It has enjoyed great success as a variant on the traditional tennis shoe. Twill pants are also preferable because the weave tends to resist staining. Stains show up less, because they have a more difficult time adhering to the multiple thread use.


COTTON SILK

Suggested Care
Some silk and silk-blend fabrics, including silk-cotton blends, will survive machine washing. This process is fundamentally rougher than hand washing and may cause more damage to the fibers. Use only a delicate cycle and cold water. Place the garment in a mesh bag to prevent damage from other garments. Wash the silk with similar colors to prevent dye bleeding and use a neutral-pH soap. If soaking is required to remove stains, soak only for 30 minutes or less. Remove the garment from the machine immediately after the cycle finishes and hang or allow to dry flat away from sunlight.


COTTON SATIN

Satin is a cotton fabric with a luster resembling that of satin. It is used for sheets and apparel.

Satin starts with long-fiber, combed or carded cotton. The cotton is then mercerized to bring out a sheen. Mercerization involves soaking the fiber in a bath of sodium hydroxide (i.e., lye) and then in an acid bath. The result makes the cotton fiber stronger and more easily dyed. It also adds a luster to the fibers.

This mercerized luster is one of the hallmarks of good sateen. Satin should be very soft to the touch, with a high thread count, and should drape well. Satin fabric uses the satin stitch in construction, which means the threads are mostly on one side of the fabric, giving that smooth look.

One other type of sateen is lining sateen. Satin used for lining jackets or wraps is usually a heavy, luxurious, yet sturdy fabric. This kind of sateen may be made from silk, wool, nylon, polyester, or any other fabric that would produce the type of lustrous fabric required.

Satin has been a popular fabric since the early 1900s. Being made of cotton, it is much cheaper than silk satin, and is also more durable, as well as being machine washable. In the early 20th century, sateen was often used for women's undergarments because of its durability and smooth feel.

Satin sheets have become popular as people want more luxurious fabrics in their homes and have found that sheets with a higher thread count are more durable.

Satin is a useful, durable fabric that will probably continue to be popular in the textile industry.

Used for linings, lingerie, sleepwear, blouses, dresses, trim, bedding, drapes, upholstery.


COTTON MESH (NET)

Net or netting is any textile in which the yarns are fused, looped or knotted at their intersections, resulting in a fabric with open spaces between the yarns. Net has many uses, and come in different varieties. Depending on the type of yarn or filament that is used to make up the textile, its characteristics can vary from durable to not durable.

Types

Hand-made netting

Hand-made or machine-made net is used as the foundation fabric for many kinds of needlework, including Filet lace and tambour lace. Netting can also be referred to when considering the handmade craft. Using either the Lace-maker or the Net-maker method to tie the netting knot, you can create several types of netting. Diamond mesh netting goes back and forth, in rows.

Knotless netting

Different weaving patterns can be used for different kinds of netting. Depending on the use of the textile, size of the holes in the net will vary. Weaving patterns, opposed to knitting patterns, are more often used for knotless netting. Jason Mills states that, as there are no knots used to produce this kind of netting, it is usually less sturdy and movable.

Bobbinet

Bobbinet or genuine tulle is a specific type of tulle netting which has been made in the United Kingdom since the invention of the bobbinet machine in 1808 by John Heathcoat. John Heathcoat coined the term "bobbin net", or bobbinet as it is spelled today, to distinguish his machine-made tulle from the handmade "pillow lace", called so because of the pillow used to produce it.

Needlerun Net 

Needlerun Net is a family of laces created by using a needle to embroider on a net ground.
Along with tambour lace this became more popular with the advent of machine made netting.

Cape Net

Used in millinery, is a fairly thick net, heavily sized with, for instance, starch. When dampened, it can be shaped and will hold that form when dry.

Point d'esprit

Net with small dots all over is point d'esprit; the best has embroidered dots, some dots are flocked, and some today are made along with the net, and do not have much distinction.

How to use

People use net for many different occupations. Netting is one of the key components to fishing in mass quantities. Net is also used in medical practices to provide fabric insulation and wrapping under an industry standard sling. In the medical practice, netting provides cushion and protection, when used in layers, but still allows the skin to breathe under the fabric. Net is commonly used in camping tents. Netting is often used for luggage bags to create transparent, breathable compartments that allow people to store items. Netting has many similar components to mesh, as they both allow air to pass through easily, and share a lot of the same uses. Bigger woven knits have varying different uses, and smaller, tighter woven knits are varied as well. also, used for crinolines, bridal and evening wear, veiling, trim, and curtains. Cotton is used, but fine bridal net like illusion or tulle and millinery trim like Malines are often made of the filament nylon, as well as the traditional silk.

Suggested Care
Easy to care for by washing in COLD water and flat or line drying. They are unprocessed fabric so they may appear excessively wrinkled and shrunken after the first few washes depending on your water hardness and laundry detergent. DON'T BE ALARMED. You can stretch them back out and reduce the wrinkles by pulling on the fabric and smoothing the the wrinkles on a flat surface when the bag is wet. After stretching and smoothing, lay it flat and air dry. Shrinkage will be 7-10% but the mesh material will stretch out to nearly the prewashed size when filled again.


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